Архив рубрики: ЕГЭ по английскому

Тексты для аудирование к тренировочным вариантам

Тексты для аудирования к тренировочным заданиям
ВАРИАНТ 1
Сейчас вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго прослушиваний у вас будет время для выполнения и проверки за¬даний. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиоза¬писи не предусмотрены. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1.
Задание 1
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каж¬дого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое ут¬верждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один рая. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Now we are ready to start.
Speaker A
I have 6 pen pals in 6 countries! We are not really “pen” pals, as such, since we communicate via an internet site. We “chat” regularly about all our news but we are now involved in writing a novel. Each of us in turn adds 200 fresh words for the next to follow on from. We have no idea how the story will finish but we are having lots of fun developing the story and believe we are creating a bestseller!
Speaker В
I write to film stars, pop singers, TV celebrities and even royalty! The letters are basically the same explaining that I collect letters as a hobby. Very often I don’t even have a correct address but a surprising number of my letters are delivered and some get a reply. Usually they are printed fan mail responses but very occasionally (1 in a 100) I get a real hand written reply. My most treasured is from J.K. Rowling.
Speaker С
After birthdays and Christmas, I always write thank you letters for any gifts I have received. What I didn’t realise was that every letter I sent to my Granny, since my very first attempts at making letters, had been marked and graded! My Granny is a retired English teacher. It turns out that every letter she gets she checks for bad grammar and spelling mis¬takes, marks them in red ink and gives them a grade!
Speaker D
I have a pen pal, Katya, who lives in the Siberian city of Novosibirsk. We go for old fashioned “snail mail” because somehow it is more exciting receiving a letter than an email. It is
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more personal holding and reading some pages over which my friend has worked so hard. And it is hard for her — but she is determined to conquer English and her letters get more fluent and accurate every time.
Speaker E
I wrote to the Prime Minister because I feel that the government should be doing more to combat global warming. I got a reply (probably from a secretary rather than the PM) thanking me for my letter. It said that the government agreed with me and “well done” for taking an interest. But I felt politely ignored. Perhaps it was stupid to believe that the words of a 16 year old girl would ever be taken seriously.
Speaker F
I got a “goodbye” letter from my girlfriend. She said that she was writing so she could choose exactly the right words. She wanted me to understand that she liked me as a friend but it wasn’t a good time for her with exams coming up. We should, she said, move on. But I thought she should have met me. I would have preferred to talk about it, agreed together and split up amicably.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задание 2
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А-G соответст¬вуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, т.е. на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отри¬цательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Now. we are ready to start.
Katie: You are going to work all summer as a volunteer?
Paul: Yes. It’s really exciting. I can’t wait.
Katie: Let me see now, that’ll be no money, no time off and no summer. I can only see positives!
Paul: Ha-Ha, how witty you are, very funny. Is it worth even trying to explain to a summer department store worker such as yourself?
Katie: Steady on brother! OK — tell me about it. I am all ears.
Paul: Did you know there are thousands of people with no computer skills? Think about that for a moment. What jobs today don’t need computers? And think about our media surroundings. It’s all websites, virtual opportunities, social networking and so on. Then just imagine you don’t understand any of it. Imagine no prospect ever of getting a job or even….
Katie: Paul — there is no excuse nowadays for anyone not having basic computer skills.

Paul: Really? What about people over 50? They’ve never had computer classes at school because for ordinary people then, there were no computers. And what about those disadvantaged by dyslexia, or those from tough home environments, or the elderly, or….
Katie: I get the picture. Go on.
Paul: I’ll be in a training centre, giving one-to-one tuition to people whose lives might really change for the better. I did one evening a week last term and loved it. Now I have a whole summer.
Katie: Well I will work 7 days a week for most of the summer. And then I am going to the
south of France with James and we’ll have the summer holiday of our lives.
Paul: That’s great Katie. Don’t think I don’t approve or even that I am not a tiny bit
jealous. I am not a saint and actually in a sense, we are both taking the same option.
Katie: What do you mean?
Paul: You, dear sister, and I are both choosing exactly what we want to do this summer and really, we are making that choice only for ourselves.
Katie: Well — I still think you should get a halo.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
Задания 3-9
Вы услышите рассказ. В заданиях 3-9 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую вы¬бранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
The Academic Ladder
An increasing number of American children begin their academic life in a pre-school program prior to entering elementary school at ages 5 or 6. Pre-school was aimed at children from disadvantaged homes at first, but now growing numbers of families see the program as a way of giving their children an academic advantage.
American children are required to attend school between ages .6 to 17 or 18. State attendance laws vary. They can meet this requirement by attending public or private schools, or they may be taught at home. Each program is certified by the state, and each is evaluated by student performance on standardized tests. Elementary school covers grades 1-6, though some schools refer to grades 4-6 as middle school. Junior high school refers to grades 7-9, and senior high school to grades 10-12. These grade divisions can vary. They may be based on educational philosophy or they may be just related to the school facilities available at a particular time and place.
Students go on to higher education after high school according to their interest, the universities assessment of their ability, and their families’ ability to finance it. Students with outstanding academic, musical or athletic ability may be awarded scholarships; and students may apply for government or private loans.
Each state supports a small number of 4-year colleges and a larger number of 2-year community colleges. Community colleges may offer diplomas for 2-year occupational curricula,

and they also serve as feeders to the 4-year colleges, offering the general education courses that would be required there.
Four-year colleges and universities provide degree programs required for a professional career, certified by a Bachelor’s Degree. Degree programs include a general education component required of all students, a major field of study, and a minor — generally a related or supplementary — field of study. Majors in business, for example, may take a minor in international affairs if they’re interested in international business.
The Bachelor Degree is the minimal credential needed for entry into a profession. A Bachelor of Science in Education (BSE), for example, is required of everyone entering the teaching profession. Those who seek additional credentials needed for upward mobility in their profession go on to study for degrees in graduate school, any level higher than the 4-year Bachelor’s Degree.
A Master’s Degree is generally the next degree earned. It focuses on an academic or professional specialty, generally requiring a written thesis covering original research. Requirements vary, but many master’s programs require 30 hours of additional course work.
Some universities allow doctoral students to skip the master’s degree and pursue advanced studies leading to their doctorate (Ph.D)., A doctorate degree certifies a level of academic competence that allows one full membership and elite status in their chosen profession.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

ВАРИАНТ 2
Сейчас вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго прослушиваний у вас будет время для выполнения и проверки за¬даний. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиоза¬писи не предусмотрены. По окончаний выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1.
Задание 1
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каж¬дого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое ут¬верждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Now we are ready to start.
Speaker A
Susie and I collect and buy each other models of frogs! It all started hs a silly joke at the office party, but now we are serious collectors. I’ve been trying to find an interesting one for her birthday but it is not easy. She (that is we) have so many now. They are made from clay, porcelain, wood, plastic and even soap and wax. Some are the size of footballs and others the size of a match head. I am hoping to get a Japanese netsuke that I have seen on eBay.
Speaker В
Most people think fishermen are mad — getting up at an unspeakable hour to be by a lake or a river bank: To remain there for untold hours regardless of weather whilst, for the most part, absolutely nothing happens! I understand their incredulity completely. But the truth is that I find fishing the perfect way to deal with my stress levels. When I am fishing it is as if my mind gradually empties. When I get back home I feel as if I have been away for months.
Speaker С
I wish I had a hobby. I kind of like everything but I am not really fascinated by anything in particular. Dad drives a taxi. He says all the drivers have hobbies as they often get hours of waiting between jobs. Some play golf. Others have chess games, or learn languages or teach themselves guitar. I would like to have something like that. But what? I suppose there is nothing wrong with finding everything mildly interesting, but I hope one day I’ll find something really distracting.
Speaker D
Football training is usually on a Wednesday night. But I often do a second session on a Friday. The keenest players (rather than the most gifted) generally get picked to start the game

in our Sunday league. Taking this into account I made a superhuman effort to get there Friday evening and I am glad I did. The scout for Aston Villa was there. He watched a whole game and Baz and I are both going to Villa Park for a trial.
Speaker E
Evan Zimmermann loves watches. He’s so passionate about collecting watches, in fact, that four years ago he quit his day job as a lawyer and became the managing director of New York’s “Antiquorum”, the largest watch auction house in the world. Now, immersed in the world of watches, Zimmermann, 40, can keep an eager eye on rare timepieces as they become available to add to his constantly evolving personal collection.
Speaker F
I live in Brighton where there is rarely any decent surf. But it has not stopped the development of a local “scene”. Of course we are all mad; watching surf cams day after day hoping to see some waves. We pine for our holidays when we can travel away to some decent surf location, for a week or two. But for the most part we dream, torture ourselves watching surf videos or create sad web sites like www.nosurfinbrighton.co.uk
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задание 2
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А-G соответст¬вуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, т.е. на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отри¬цательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Now we are ready to start.
Victor. Which person in history would you most have liked to be?
Anna. Victor — I am trying to watch TV!
Victor. Yes you are watching “Who wants to be a millionaire” which means that actually you are completely bored and need stimulating discussion.
Anna. I like this programme. The questions are interesting. It’s you who are bored. Why don’t you go and read a book or get on with that wretched history essay you’ve been writing. What is it — “On social reform in the middle nineteenth century?” It sounds as interesting as watching paint drying!
Victor. The essay, I admit, is rather boring. There are too many laws, acts and committees and not enough action in these years. But. there were some remarkable individuals at that time. Florence Nightingale for example — would you like to have been her? I can tell you she lived a long life — 90 years I think- and was respected and honoured in her life time.

Anna. I know about Nightingale. She was an aristocrat, wasn’t she? Her rich family tried to stop her from becoming a nurse and going to war. What was the nickname they gave her?
Victor. She was known as “The Lady of the Lamp” because she moved among the sick and wounded carrying a lamp. The soldiers thought she was like an angel.
Anna. Enough already! I’m watching TV!
Victor. Her work changed everything in respect to hygiene and sanitation. Her birthday, the 12th of May, is International Nurses Day and all new nurses take the “Nightingale Pledge”.
Anna. No.
Victor. What do you mean “No”?
Anna. No I wouldn’t have wanted to be Florence Nightingale — although of course I admire her. I wouldn’t want to have spent my life among the sick and injured. I’m just not that kind of person. Also she had so much opposition from men who thought women were only fit to be wives and mothers. To be honest, I’m perfectly happy being me.
Victor. Cleopatra? Jane Austen, Nancy Astor, Billie Holiday, Coco Chanel?
Anna. Nancy Astor’s certainly one of my all time heroines and role models. She was clever and funny; the first woman MP and so important in the fight for women’s equality. She said “We are not asking for superiority for we have always had that — all we seek is equality.”
Victor. Yes. I see. So you would have liked to have been Nancy, wouldn’t you?
Anna. What I would like, brother dear, is to watch my TV programme. Ah — look it’s finishing now!
Victor. And my programme is on next — “Top Gear”
Anna. I think you’ll be remembered by history as — Victor the Annoying.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you’ll hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания 3-9
Вы услышите рассказ. В заданиях 3-9 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую вы¬бранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
Language and Me
Language has always been a struggle. When I was a very young child, my father was working on his dissertation at Yale University. My mother worked to earn a living while he climbed the’academic ladder. That left me with a Negro maid for a companion. Everyone was too busy to talk, so I grew up largely without language or, at most, its very basics: an angry rebuke here, a grunt there. My brother, two years older, might have made an effort, but he was in elementary school and thought I was too dumb to spend time with. I grew to be five years old, talking very little and very badly. These are the years in which the cells that wire the brain for language are most active, and less so thereafter.

Boys develop language later than girls, so that added another burden as I struggled through primary school. By the time I was beginning to make progress, the family moved to another part of the country that had a very different dialect, as well as some odd social customs that led me to avoid conversation. I remember trying to speak like they did by saying. “Yes, sir” and “Yes, ma-am”, when before I’d answered adults with a polite “Yes” and “No”. Then in my effort to use the new tongue I made a fatal mistake. I violated regional customs by saying “Yes, ma-am” to a black woman, bringing ridicule and contempt on myself by unforgiving classmates. Thereafter I decided to remain mostly mute.
In secondary school, I was a good enough student, but lazy and satisfied with В grades. I didn’t have the language skills, nor did I come from the right part of the country to feel comfortable talking to girls. Instead I drew attention to myself in sports and mathematics. I could work math problems faster than the instructor, which brought me certain fame; and I played basketball better than most at that school.
As I approached my senior year, my parents decided to do something about my verbal poverty, neglected for so long, by insisting that I enroll in a course in Latin. By that time I was old enough to rebel, so I enrolled like a good son and failed without a second thought.
Skill in math, athletic ability, and the fact that my father was a professor who passed on to me and my brother good, textbook English, earned me an appointment to the US Naval Academy. At that time the course of study was the same for everyone, Electrical Engineering, with one exception: foreign language. We could choose the language we wanted to study. But a problem remained: how would I, with my lack of verbal skill, compete with those who had stud¬ied three years of French in high school, four years of Spanish, or two of German? The solution became obvious when I saw the list of choices. I would take Russian and be assured of a level playing field. Had there been Chinese or Swahili on the list, the choice might have taken longer.
Russian language studies at the Naval Academy opened new worlds. Little need be said about the quality of instruction, which was designed solely to produce junior naval officers with useful skills. Instruction consisted of memorizing pages of technical vocabulary that might be used in talking to a Russian pilot who boarded to guide the ship to port, ordering supplies from Russian merchants, joining Russian officers on maneuvers,’etc. I left the language program not knowing the Russian words for horse, or grass, or even green.
But it wasn’t fatal. For studying the language led to a study of Russian history and literature which immediately became a passion. What a world Pushkin and Tolstoy, Dostoevsky and Chekhov, and many, many others opened to an American student who had been fed nothing but anti-Soviet propaganda since the end of World War II (the Great Patriotic War)! In time, the fragile balance between studying naval boilers and Russian life couldn’t last. I left the Naval Academy in the third year of study to begin an academic career that focused on Russian History and World Civilization.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

ВАРИАНТ 3
Сейчас вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго прослушиваний у вас будет время для выполнения и проверки за¬даний. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиоза¬писи не предусмотрены. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1.
Задание 1
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каж¬дого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое ут¬верждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Now we are ready to start.
Speaker A
The pay is terrible and the hours are long but at least I have a job. I must admit that I hadn’t planned to work in a factory making cardboard boxes and other packaging. But on the positive side I am a management trainee. I will only have to work on the factory machines for six months to get experience but then I’ll go to the design department, the sales department, accounting and so on — until I understand every aspect of the business. The owner says that if I work hard I stand a good chance of being a departmental manager within three years.
Speaker В
We are enjoying our gap year. Just three girls on a big year long round-the-world adventure. Luckily we managed to find jobs in most places we travelled to. We’ve been waitresses, farm workers, cleaners and once wore costumes advertising a toy shop! We feel quite proud actually. But we did hit some problems — particularly in South America — where there was a lot of disapproval about what we were doing. Probably they thought we should be married and keeping home for clever and successful husbands!
Speaker С
When I started modern literature at Sussex University I somehow managed to fall out with my tutor on the “Modern European Mind” module. I am not sure how it happened but the early tutorials were frosty to say the least. Then, mid-term, I presented a paper on Thomas Mann. He loved it! After he returned my paper he asked to meet me and we spent two happy, animated hours discussing the short stories and novellas. We are hardly best friends but the atmosphere in tutorials is a 100% better.
Speaker D
I can’t say I enjoyed my school days very much. In my opinion it was far too strict. I also felt that I was forced to study too many subjects and ended up taking several GCSEs in subjects

of little interest to me. But I am off to university now and I am not looking back over my shoulder. No more noisy classrooms and compulsory PE, no more memorising the rainfall graphs for Venezuela and the fascinating (yawn) politics of Jacobean England. I am off to make a new start and will begin learning what I need to know, to be the person I want to be.
Speaker E
Living in a hall of residence is not too bad. The people who live on our corridor have become a little community. We often cook and socialise together. It’s pretty comfortable in my bedroom, if a bit small. The woods at the back are beautiful, especially now that it is autumn, and make up for horrid green paint with which the walls are painted. Of course the walls are thin and it can be a bit noisy studying there. But I prefer to work in the library so it is not a problem.
Speaker F
I thought I had been robbed. My wallet was gone with just about all the money I currently have. I reported it of course to the Campus administrator and Dad kindly offered to send some money to help me out until the end of term. I was even briefly jealous of my friends who are now earning a salary rather than going to university. But the great news is that I have found my wallet and truth be told, my room is so untidy that I wasn’t entirely surprised. I wonder if I should give my Dad a call…
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задание 2
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А-G соответст¬вуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, т.е. на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отри¬цательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Now we are ready to start.
Rosalind: David, listen to this! We’re going to host an exchange student this year! Her name’s Elena Yakunina. She’s from Bulgaria.
David: Elena Yakunina? That sounds Russian. I once had a pen-pal from Russia with the same last name!
Rosalind: Her family was Russian. Her grandfather’s parents went to Bulgaria during the Russian Civil War. They were Ukrainian. Oh, this is all so exciting!
David: I hope she speaks English. It will be a long year if she doesn’t.
Rosalind: She probably speaks better than we do. Her dad’s a chemist, but her mom teaches English.
David: I’ll bet she’s read a lot about America. What do you know about Bulgaria? .
Rosalind: Not much. But I’m on my way to the library to check out some books. Dad’s even ordered some language books. We’re going to practice at home.

David: That should be a riot!
Rosalind: And mom’s learning to cook some Bulgarian dishes.
David: Won’t that be a nice cultural experience! Feeding Bulgarian food to a Bulgarian! Where’d you find out. about the program?
Rosalind: Mrs. Young, our French teacher, invited a lady from American Field Services to talk to our language class. She told us we could get more information from the Student Exchange Resource Center on the internet.
David: How’d your parents feel about hosting a foreign student?
Rosalind: They had to think about it for awhile, but then they got excited, too. The AFS lady came by to talk to us, and then we made arrangements for the new student at school.
David: I wonder what my parents would think about hosting a foreign student.
Rosalind: Who knows? They might prefer to send you off to some far-away country.
David: Timbuktu would be fun.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you’ll hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. .
(Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания 3-9
Вы услышите рассказ. В заданиях 3-9 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую вы¬бранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
A difficult client
When I was nineteen I worked in the kitchen of a Creole restaurant in Panama City, Florida. The word “Creole” refers to people who are descended from settlers in the colonial French Louisiana (before it became part of the USA in 1803). And Creole food is great. It is a blend of French, Spanish and Caribbean styles. I used to knock up fantastic fresh salads, filet and fry grouper fresh from the harbour. I made vast vats of red beans and rice and tureens of gumbo. I boiled great pans of fresh shrimp and cracked open and then fried Oysters in white wine.
The odd thing is that I am not a trained chef. Every single recipe was based on a mixture of measures in a recipe book. So many cups of this, shakes of that, tablespoons of Tabasco or citrus, jugs of cut celery, etc. But every meal turned out perfect so long as I followed “the book” to the letter.
I worked in the kitchen with a rather strange guy from Los Angeles called Scott. He had a strange haircut and was disconcertingly crossed eyed. But the waitresses were cute — especially Suzie with her long curly brown hair.
One day we had a bit of an episode. A woman in the restaurant started screaming and demanding to see the chef. I could hear the commotion from deep within the kitchens and began to look for somewhere to hide. Scott was out that day and there was nobody else in the kitchen. Suzie caught me as I tried to hide behind the rice sacks in the larder. “You’ve got to come out John. She’s gone absolutely mental. The other customers are gonna call the cops if we can’t sort this”.

Feeling terribly afraid and inadequate I was led out to the woman making the noise. She stopped screaming but continued to shake as she eyed me up and down. Because she’d asked for the “chef” I guessed I must have made a terrible mistake in the kitchen. I was alone down there that lunchtime so whatever was wrong it must have been my fault. What would she say if she discovered I wasn’t a chef at all but doing a holiday job making recipes from a book?
The truth eventually came out. I had served her a basket of whole boiled shrimp. According to the lady, the little devils had little “faces” and “eyes”, “stared at her” and had completely freaked her out. I spoke to her very softly and sat down next to her. I told her I’d take them away and if she still wanted shrimp I’d peel them myself and bring them to her. She thanked me very much. Seemed very happy and after a short while consumed the shelled shrimp and left.
Afterward I was again called to the front by Suzie. But this time I got a round of applause from the other customers and $120 worth of tips.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

ВАРИАНТ 4
Сейчас вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго прослушиваний у вас будет время для выполнения и проверки за¬даний. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиоза¬писи не предусмотрены. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1.
Задание 1
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каж¬дого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое ут¬верждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Now we are ready to start.
Speaker A
My Dad always says that the weather was different when he was young. The skies were often blue from horizon to horizon, not always cloudy like now. The English summers were long and warm and in winter there would be decent snow — especially in January and February. He says that this has convinced him that climate change is real. But I’m not sure. Maybe he just remembers the best days of his childhood and conveniently forgets the horrid days.
Speaker В
The difference between weather and climate is simply time. The weather is what is happening outside right now and the climate is how the atmosphere behaves over relatively long periods of time. I think people talk too casually about climate change. The climate has always been changing since the world was formed. What is important is how we protect the planet as much as possible from the ravages of pollution. But the climate will continue to change regardless.
Speaker С
Moonbows are rare. They occur when the moon is full but low in the sky and its rays refract through the spray from waterfalls. Haloes are rings formed around the sun when ice crystals refract light in the upper atmosphere. The bright areas in the arcs are called sundogs. But most dramatic of all are fire rainbows when the sun shines through ice crystals held in high altitude clouds. People, who are lucky to see this, say that the look is unforgettable. It is a great disap¬pointment to me that I haven’t seen it — but I live in hope.
Speaker D
What happens outside this week or next week has nothing to do with the role of humans in causing climate change. It is professionally irresponsible for scientists to accuse human factor in

poor weather forecasts. Any weather and all weather patterns can “fit.” long term predictions for climate change. What is needed is less frightening headline statements that frighten everyone to death and more serious study of long term records.
Speaker E
The US Environmental Protection agency has an interesting website
www.tpa.golf/climatechange/kids. It supports the view that the rate of unnatural climate change can be reduced by positive action. It challenges the idea that as individuals we are pow¬erless to help our planet. In fact the site demonstrates that if we all individually change our lives just in small ways, it could make a very big difference, to our planet.
Speaker F
In England, when it rains hard, we often say that it’s raining “cats and dogs”. But actually there have been many cases of so called “non-aqueous rain” — usually where birds or fish fall like rain. In 1939 in Wiltshire, England, there was a shower of frogs and in 1983, in Dorset, lumps of coal fell from the sky. There are different opinions as to why this happens but as far as I know, so far, no actual cats or dogs fell from the sky!
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задание 2
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А-G соответст¬вуют содержанию текста (1 —. True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, т.е. на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отри¬цательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Now we are ready to start.
David: Anna, if you are interested, I’m going to make a visit to my old school next Saturday. Would you like to come?
Anna: Why on earth would I want to visit your old school?
David: Because I know you’re studying the Tudors at the moment — Henry VIII and the reformation — right?
Anna: Yes, and so?
David: Well, I went to school at a place called Kimbolton, in Cambridgeshire. It’s about one hour drive from here if the traffic isn’t too bad.
Anna: And the connection with Henry VIII is…?
David: Henry VIII had six wives — but arguably the most important one historically was Katherine of Aragon, his first wife.

Anna: That’s right. Because he wanted a son to be King after him and he only had a daughter —Mary. He divorced Katherine because she was past child bearing age and he needed to marry again to have a son. The Catholic Pope refused to give him a divorce, so Henry broke away from the Catholic Church, destroyed all the monasteries and steered England towards the protestant church. What on earth has this got to do with your school?
David: When Henry separated from Katherine and married Anne Boleyn — he sent Katherine to a castle — in Kimbolton.
Anna: You’re joking?
David:* The headmaster’s office is in the room that was formerly her bedroom. She lived there until she died. After her death her coffin was carried to London — about 60 miles — and people lined the route all the way to say goodbye to her. When I was at school there were plenty of stories about her ghost that still walks the corridors of Kimbolton Castle.
Anna: Is it open to the public then?
David: No, I’m afraid it isn’t. But because I went to school I can go back on special school reunion days. They’re called “Old Kimboltonian Days”. And I can take a guest. There will be a tour. Probably we’ll see a game of cricket in the afternoon and in the evening there will be a dinner dance. What do you say?
Anna: I’m not sure. On Sunday I’m going to Brighton for the day and will need to get up early. Can I think about it? I’ll let you know by tomorrow.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you’ll hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания 3-9
Вы услышите рассказ. В заданиях 3-9 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую вы¬бранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
Traditional Beliefs and Superstitions
There are many unusual traditional beliefs concerning house and home. For the most part they are now recorded in folk history books and not really followed or seriously believed in today. But there are still a few, mostly older people, who continue the old traditions of their ancestors. Here are a few that I’ve heard about.
A common superstition is the belief that houses can be friendly or hostile, lucky or unlucky. There are fortunately many remedies to “correct” a house with negative qualities. The front door is a good starting place! It’s a sensible place to spread good luck as this is the main point of entry. All manner of statues, symbols, etc. have been used for this job. Probably the most common is a horseshoe — with the points upwards to stop the luck from running out.
And there are plenty of sayings about doors. It is apparently unlucky to enter the house for the first time by the back door, as this entrance isn’t protected against evil spirits. Also that you should encourage visitors to leave by the same door they came in to avoid taking the owner’s luck with them! If a door blows open, a visitor is coming and so on and so forth.

There are plenty of superstitions about cooking as well. When any food is mixed it should be stirred clockwise, as all functions of importance should be performed in an east to west direction. You should also never leave a tray in the oven when it’s not in use. I have no idea why!
Some of these old beliefs, however, are quite practical. For example, one saying states you should never waste leftover morsels of pastry or dough from making bread or cakes, or the whole baking will be ruined. Although some others defy all logic: for example, if you drop a slice of buttered bread, butter side up — a visitor will arrive.
There are lots of old bbliefs concerning salt. The Ancient Greeks believed that salt was sacred and consequently used it in their sacrificial cakes and preparations. They also believed it to be a symbol of friendship, and if any was spilled, it was an omen of the end of the friendship. Among some peoples it was the custom to pay workers in amounts of salt, hence our modern word salary, from salarium.
There are also plenty of beliefs about tea. Never stir the teapot anti-clockwise or you will stir up a quarrel. If two women pour from the same pot, one of them will have a baby within a year. There is also widespread belief in “reading the tea-leaves” to predict the future. I believe if you stir the tea twice and wait 5 minutes, you’ll get a decent brew!
According to tradition you should be very cautious around mirrors:- to break one will result in seven years bad luck. This belief might originate with prehistoric peoples, who, on seeing their image reflected in water, believed it represented their soul. Should anything disturb this image then his own life was in danger.
There are plenty of old traditions that seem to me plain daft. For example — do not sing in the bath as this will lead to sorrow before evening; get out of bed the right side but, if you can’t avoid it, put your right sock and shoe on first — and never, never ever put a hat on the bed!
As for me, I like singing in the bath and will continue to take the risk.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

ВАРИАНТ 5
Сейчас вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго прослушиваний у вас будет время для выполнения и проверки за¬даний. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиоза¬писи не предусмотрены. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1.
Задание 1
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каж¬дого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое ут¬верждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Now we are ready to start.
Speaker A
We don’t really go to Church. Unless there is a wedding, Christening or funeral we go a maximum of three times a year — Christmas, Easter and Harvest Festival. Harvest Festival, usually at the end of September, is my favourite. I think mainly because it reminds me of school and my childhood. I loved the Hymns we sang and the church looked so pretty filled with flowers and vegetables. After the Church service, all the vegetables and other products given to the church were taken to the village hall. They were then sold by auction with all the profits going to charity.
Speaker В
Everybody loves Easter! You don’t need to be religious — you just need to love chocolate. Throughout the year I have to be careful about eating too much chocolate. The occasional treat is OK but in general I have quite a healthy diet. But for one long weekend a year — all restrictions are abandoned. We have traditional chocolate but each year on Easter I look for something unusual — a chocolate lorry or space rocket! Usually they are hollow but filled with chocolate sweets, tiny Easter eggs or chocolate toys. I feel pretty ill by the end of the weekend but it is worth it.
Speaker С
I like Shrove Tuesday — an important Christian festival that occurs every year 47 days before Easter Sunday. Shrove Tuesday is traditionally the last day before Lent — a 40 day period of eating restrictions celebrating Christ’s journey through the desert. In the UK — this is celebrated by eating lots of pancakes — a last treat before 40 days of strict diet and denial. Does this mean that I am a very religious person? Not really. I am afraid, like nearly everybody else in the UK, I simply adore pancakes!

Speaker D
Hot Cross Buns are sweet spiced buns filled with currants and marked on top with a cross. During the reign of Henry VIII an attempt was made to ban the buns! This is because it was believed that they were baked using the same dough as was used in making communion wafers or communion bread. These wafers were a part of the Catholic Church Service which at that time was illegal in England. The problem was that buns were too popular to ban them, so Elizabeth I eventually passed a law making them legal — but only at Easter and Christmas.
Speaker E
After Harvest Festival each year we’d take the vegetables, pies and cooked meats to the Village Hall to sell them in an auction. This was great fun because it was not treated seriously. The highest prices were traditionally bid for a can of soup or a strangely shaped vegetable. Nobody really cared because all the money raised was sent to charities like OXFAM — a charity dedicated to fighting poverty and injustice and giving aid in times of famine or natural disaster.
Speaker F
Lots of people celebrate Lent every year but not all of them for religious reasons. The fact is that it is good for you to “detoxify” your body each year. This means to live for a period without eating toxins or poisons that harm our bodies over time. So for 40 days I don’t touch coffee, processed foods (with all their chemicals), fatty and salty foods and red meat. It’s my personal choice. I also eat only organic (or naturally farmed) foods as these also tend to be free of harmful toxins. It is quite hard for the first days but after 40 days I feel great, like a superwoman!
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers. (Pause 15 sec¬onds.)
Задание 2
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А-G соответст¬вуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, т.е. на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отри¬цательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Now we are ready to start.
Victor. Hi, Anna. Have you registered yet?
Anna. Yes, I’ve just seen my adviser and I’m through. It’s easy now we register by computer. How about you?
Victor. Almost, but I don’t know who to take for history. I’m thinking about Dr. Smith. I hear he’s easy. Who’d you have for history?
Anna. Oh, Victor, take Dr. Jones. She’s terrific! I used to hate history, but I loved her course.

Victor. I hear she’s hard.
Anna. She knows that’s what students think. She told us she’s not hard, it’s understanding history that’s hard.
Victor. So what’s her course like?
Anna. Well, it’s not memorizing names and dates! She wants you to understand the processes that shape human communities so we can understand how the world got to be the way it is today.
Victor. Good Lord! What are her tests like?
Anna. There’s a test at the end of each unit, but before she begins a unit she hands out a review sheet with everything she might test on. She won’t ask any question on the test that’s not covered on the review sheet.
Victor. Hey, piece of cake!
Anna. Think so? One of the questions was “Explain how the process of industrialization differed in any two of the following countries: England, the United States, Germany, Russia.”
Victor. I’m not believing this! How’d she expect you to answer a question like that?
Anna. She spent a week talking about the process of industrialization in general. Then we spent a week in class applying that to the process of industrialization in England. After that she expected the class to take the initiative in analyzing the process in the other countries. By the time we’d gone through that, we could have explained what the Fiji Islands had to do in order to industrialize! And notice, Victor, whichever country we chose to write about on the exam, we had to pick the important names and dates from that country’s history.
Victor. Seems to me that’s expecting a lot.
Anna. Well, she said once, I don’t expect you to know everything; but I do expect you to know something.
Victor. Were the tests objective or essay?
Anna. The unit tests were mixed. There were some names, dates, and geographical locations tested with objective questions, but every unit exam had an essay question.
Victor. Did she count spelling and grammar and all that in the grade?
Anna. Yes, she said this is higher education and we’re expected to know how to write and spell.
Victor. Well, Anna, you’ve convinced me. I’m taking Dr. Smith for history.
Anna. Victor!
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you’ll hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания 3-9
Вы услышите рассказ. В заданиях 3-9 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую вы¬бранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
Long ago in Eastern Rajasthan, where the Aravali hills meet the Vindyan plateau, tigers were once hunted by the Maharajas of Jaipur. And for the last three days they have been hunted by me, Lucy and Gemmy: three girls out to shoot a tiger in Ranthambhore Park in India.

As you might guess our hunting weapons of choice are not guns, but cameras. We had been told that nowadays this is the best place in the world for photographing a tiger in the wild, but until today we had no success.
On the technical and logistical side all had been going really well. We got the best possible guide — Farid. He has been up early every morning to queue for a jeep and also to book the best routes. Without him we would be limited to the giant canters (big trucks) that haul round large numbers of regular tourists. Also the cameras have been operating well. We knew in advance that the dust would be a serious problem and we have been rotating cameras via fleece lined bags that keep out dust and protect them from the harsh sun.
Ranthambhore is a mixture of dense forest and open bush. So far our best shots have been in low light and fast lenses with wide apertures have been the norm. We were also glad that at the planning stage we took note of the advice to pack warm clothes. In the early morning it is really chilly sitting motionless in the open jeep. By mid morning it is T-shirt weather and the afternoons are simply baking — so we were glad to have prepared for all extremes.
Until today we had only a few good shots of “lesser” target species and a few bad shots of more interesting ones. This means that our pictures of gazelles, hares and a monitor lizard are rather classy; and the shots of leopard and boar came out rather blurry — but not a glimpse of tiger. We knew that it would require a huge amount of patience. In fact we also knew that sometimes tourist groups come for a whole week and don’t spot a single “stripey”.
But today we got lucky. Very early this morning, just a few hundred metres from the ancient fort, Farid motioned excitedly to a small mess of Dhok and banyan trees. Lucy and Gemmy were already set up and adjusting settings and shooting simultaneously. I was much slower but in the end it didn’t matter. We had a clear and sustained view of a beautiful tigress and three cubs. For five minutes we took literally hundreds of pictures: One is very special — of a cub just staring straight at my lens. And then Farid said we had to leave; that we were the intruders and politeness to the animals demanded our withdrawal.
Afterwards we celebrated like mad, showed our photos to the group and received warm congratulations from everyone on shooting our first tiger.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

ЕГЭ 2015 английский изменения

В современном мире очень важно знать хотя бы один иностранный язык. Экзамен по англ. языку самый популярный в наши дни. Предлагаем вашему вниманию ознакомится с основными изменениями ЕГЭ 2015 английский язык.

Изменений тестовой части нет, всё осталось на своих местах. Единственное — это отныне нумерация заданий будет 1, 2, 3, и т.д., то есть не будет разделений на A, B и C части, как это было в прошлых годах.

Одно из самых важных изменений ЕГЭ 2015 английский — устная часть. Именно появление устной части вызывает много затруднений и вопросов у выпускников одиннадцатых классов средних образовательных школ. Мы рекомендуем вам заранее потренироваться в устной части этого предмета, дабы вам было проще её сдать на основном госэкзамене.